The Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders, established as a separate superspeciality department at AIIMS since May 2011, has made significant progress since its conception. Dr. Randeep Guleria is the Head of department and there are a total of five faculty members and nine DM fellows. The department has an ongoing DM (Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders) training programme. The department has a fully functional nine bedded respiratory medicine ward and nine bedded respiratory intensive care unit. Lab facilities include a PFT (Pulmonary function testing laboratory, Sleep Laboratory and Bronchoscopy laboratory.
High quality and high volume patient care is being provided to patients suffering from a variety of respiratory ailments. The particular areas which have benefited since the time include sleep medicine especially sleep related breathing disorders, provision of care to the critically ill (a dedicated and fully functional 9 bedded respiratory intensive care unit) and interventional Pulmonology services. The department has a fully functional sleep laboratories which provides comprehensive polysomnography services daily. The department also has a bronchoscopy lab where flexible bronchoscopy and interventional Pulmonology services are being provided. The department also is actively involved in research in the fields of pulmonary sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, lung cancer, bronchology, sleep medicine and allergic airway disorders. The department also has a functional allergy testing system available for use in particular indications like allergic bronchopulmonary disorders like ABPA.
Facilities of advanced interventional pulmonary medicine/ respiratory medicine are being provided which include Endobronchial Ultrasound-Guided Transbronchial needle aspiration, Medical Thoracoscopy, Airway Stenting, Endobronchial Electrocautery and Cryotherapy. As regards to the diagnostic flexible bronchoscopy, procedures like transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA), Bronchoscopic Lung Biopsy, Endobronchial Biopsy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) are being routinely performed. More than 1400 flexible bronchoscopies are performed in the department every year. Further modalities in development include therapeutic rigid bronchoscopic airway procedures, magnetic phrenic nerve stimulation studies, cardio pulmonary exercise testing, pulmonary rehabilitation program and facilities for providing ECLS (Extracorporeal life support).