History of Department of Surgical Disciplines
The Department of Surgical Disciplines was established at the time of inception of the institute with Col. Sangam Lal as its first head in the year 1958. Since then the department has been progressing in medical education, research and providing state of the art healthcare. The department has gained immense popularity for doing advanced work in breast and endocrine surgery, peripheral vascular, thoracic, bariatric and gastro intestinal operations along with both live & cadaveric (Adult & Pediatric) renal transplant. A large proportion of these are done by minimally access technique including robotic surgery. The department has been in the forefront for development of Minimal Access Surgery (MAS) in the country with first laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the year 1991.
The Department has been organized into four units under the headship of Prof. Anurag Srivastava. The other faculty members are Prof. Sunil Chumber, Prof. Rajinder Parshad, Prof. V Seenu, Prof. Sandeep Agarwal, Prof. Virinder Kumar Bansal, Prof. Anita Dhar, Prof. Sushma Sagar, Prof. Subodh Kumar, Prof. Amit Gupta, Prof. Biplab Mishra, Dr. Hemanga Bhattacharjee, Dr. Asuri Krishna, Dr. Piyush Ranjan, Dr. Manjunath, Dr. Mohit Joshi, Dr. Kamal Kataria, Dr. Suhani, Dr. Yashwant Rathode, Dr. Om Prakash Prajapati, Dr. Abhinav Kumar, Dr Pratyusha Priyadarshani, Dr Narendra Chaudhary, Dr Dinesh Bagaria and Dr. Junaid Alam.
The department has been regularly conducting conferences, CMEs, workshops in general surgery as well as its core thrust areas to offer training to surgeons from all over the country. The AIIMS Surgical week, CME in surgery, CME in Bariatric surgery, Symposium in thoracic surgery, AIIMS breast course, cadaveric workshops, skill-training workshops are some of the regular academic events organized by the department. Conferences such as Annual conference of Association of Surgeons of India (ASICON) have been held in association with other academic forums. The Department also has visiting young surgeons coming from neighbouring nations like Bangladesh and Nepal to learn advanced surgical procedures.
• Patient care with utmost competence & compassion
• Educate doctors & paramedics with highest level of skill
• Conduct research to formulate National guidelines.
Stalwarts from the past.
- Col. Sangam Lal (1958-1962): set up the department from scratch along with Dr. Eric Lazaro
- Prof. Eric Lazaro (1962-1964): was the second head of the Department afterCol. Sangam Lal and established cardio-pulmonary bypass in the institute. He later left the institution and went overseas to become Dean of an American centre.
- Dr Atm Prakash (1972-1982) was renowned for his surgical skills involving breast and gall bladder. An avid teacher, the department awards a medal in his name each year to the best outgoing intern.
- Dr BNB Rao (1964-1972): He served as the honorary surgeon to the President of India for a number of years and was the president of the Association of Surgeons of India (ASI) for two terms. He was one of the founders of the National Academy of Medical Sciences. The Association of Surgeons of India instituted an annual award oration, Dr. Balakrishna Rao Oration, in 2000, in honor of its former president.
- Dr IK Dhawan (1982-1989) served AIIMS for almost 28 years, including heading the department after Dr Atm Prakash, and authored a surgery textbook for undergraduates in 1986. He is the pioneer to initiate renal transplant (first centre in Northern India & second in the country) and plastic surgery at AIIMS, New Delhi. He was the President of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India and Indian Society of Oncology.
- Dr MM Kapur was a master surgeon and teacher of endocrine surgery, contraception and male infertility.
- Dr BML Kapur (1989-1992) received numerous awards and recognitions for his excellent surgical practice especially in the field of hepato-pancreatobiliary and cancer surgeries. He took over as head of the department after Dr Dhawan retired and was the founder chief of IRCH, AIIMS.
- Dr Samiran Nundy joined AIIMS as a faculty in 1975 and conducted advanced Gastro-intestinal (GI) surgical procedures especially portal shunt. He later on founded the Department of GI surgery in 1985. He is the Founder Editor of 'The National Medical Journal of India' and 'Tropical Gastroenterology’ that is published from the institute. He also initiated the cadaveric transplant program at AIIMS.
- Dr R Khazanchi was the first plastic surgeon of the Department who joined All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi as Assistant Professor in 1988. He was also awarded a fellowship in microsurgery at the Microsurgery Research Centre, St. Vincent’s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. This made AIIMS as one of the few centres in the country offering micro-vascular tissue transfers.
- Dr LK Sharma (1992) was a well-known breast and endocrine surgeon.
- Dr TK Chattopahyay is recognised for his work in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (specially oesophageal) and thoracic surgery. He was involved in the first cadaveric liver transplant surgery in AIIMS and was also the founding member of the Indian Association of Surgical Gastroenterology.
- Prof SN Mehta(Sept 1993- August 2006; Feb 1997- Sept 2013) expanded the work on renal transplant in the institute and has trained many surgeons in renal transplantation and the concept of separate Surgical Block took shape under his leadership.
- Dr Naresh Madan: was involved in management of carcinoma gall bladder and lymphoedema surgeries.
- Dr Ramesh Sarin: had keen interest in the management of Breast cancer.
- Dr AK Kriplani performed the first successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy of Northern India in 1991 and were pioneer in starting Minimal Access Surgery in the Department.
- Dr MC Misra (Sep 1993- Feb 1997; Aug 2006-Sep 2013) has been a leading figure in minimally invasive and trauma surgery. He has served as the chief of JPNA Trauma Centre (2006-2017) and Director of the institute (2013-2017) as well. He introduced focused trauma care training in India as Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) of American College of Surgeons.
- Dr S Bal and Dr Arvind Kumar worked extensively in the field of thoracic surgeries and started minimally invasive thoracic surgeries including robotic surgeries at the institute.
- Dr Sandeep Guleria carried forward the work in the field of renal transplantation and conducted the first successful simultaneous kidney pancreas transplant along with Dr. Sandeep Aggarwal and Dr. Virinder Kumar Bansal.
The Departmental chiefs
Col Sangham Lal
Prof. Eric Lazaro
Prof. B N Balakrishna Rao
Prof. Atm Prakash
Prof. Indar K. Dhawan
Prof. Brijmohan L. Kapur
Prof. Lalit K Sharma
Prof. Sadanand Mehta
Prof. Mahesh C Misra
Prof. Anurag Srivastava
Other Faculty of Department:
- Naresh Madan
- Ramesh Sarin
- Om Coshic
- Arvind Kumar
- C S Bal
- Sandeep Guleria
The faculty has participated for various administrative & academic responsibilities. Prof. MM Kapur, Prof. Sunil Chumber, Prof. Sandeep Guleria, Prof. Virinder Kumar Bansal have served as the Sub Dean and Associate Dean and Prof. MM Kapur has served as the Dean. Prof. MC Misra served as the Director of this institute from October 2013 to January 2017.
Establishment of Animal Experimental Laboratory
As a part of AIIMS, the institution’s animal house came up in the sixties just behind the boy’s hostel. The Department was at fore-front for the establishment of the facility. The animal house had a well-appointed operating room where the animal experiments were done. The animal experiments were carried out to study hypovolemic shock. Experiments were carried out for renal allograft to get familiar with surgical techniques. In the early seventies, the animal experiments were abandoned.
Establishment of Minimal Invasive Surgery Training Center
Minimal Invasive Surgery training center was established in the Department in March 2007 by a liberal grant from University of Tubingen, Germany. Prof Gerhard F Buess along with Prof. BML Kapur and Prof. P. Venugopal inaugurated this in March 2007. The training on Tubingen trainer with integrated porcine organ was started and the basic and advanced of MAS were held for residents of institute as well as Surgeons from outside. Cadaver facility for training in both open as well as laparoscopic was also developed in the year 2013.
Apex Trauma centre
Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma, the first level one trauma center of the country started functioning in September 2006. A new arm of Surgery named Division of Trauma Surgery came in the forefront and took leadership role in providing high quality care to trauma victims. On an average 1600-1800 patients per year are being admitted and treated in this division, of which most of the patients are poly-trauma patients. The Division of Trauma Surgery and Critical Care hosted the prestigious 3rd International congress of World Coalition for Trauma Care, World Trauma Congress 2016, in Vigyan Bhavan. Thirty-five countries and 1800 delegates participated in this event making it a huge success. The division has also successfully completed many collaborative projects in the field of trauma surgery of which most notable to mention is Australia India Trauma Systems Collaboration. The Governments of India and Australia funded this project. The division has launched focused training in trauma care for doctors and nurses under ATLS program.
The Department has been providing training to undergraduate and post graduate (MS) general surgery students. Contribution is also extended to teaching curriculum of various para medical and nursing courses run by the institution. From January 2017, Mch has been started in Breast, Endocrine & General Surgery; Minimal invasive & General Surgery while fellowships have been started in Renal Transplant and Bariatric Surgery. In January 2016, first batch of Mch Trauma Surgery students were enrolled, making it the first course of its kind in India.
Many well-designed research trials have been conducted in the department involving all the core areas like general surgery, breast & endocrine surgery, minimally invasive surgeries, morbid obesity and bariatric surgery, renal transplantation, peripheral vascular diseases (including stem cell therapy), venous disease and Lymphedema. The outcomes of many of the research programs have been presented in leading national & international conferences and published in leading medical journals.
- Creation of divisions to enhance surgical sub-specialization & excellence in patient care
- Adoption of newer teaching methodology: computer generated modules, skill lab, OSCE
- Up-gradation of cadaveric teaching for various levels of training
- Expanding areas such as multi-visceral organ transplantation & regenerative medicine.
Structure of the Department:
The Department of Surgical Disciplines has four units which have been designated as:
- Division of Breast, Endocrine, Vascular and General Surgery
- Division of Minimal Access Surgery, Endocrine, Bariatric, Organ Transplant and General Surgery
- Division of Thoracic, Breast, Endocrine, Minimal Access Surgery and General Surgery
- Division of Minimal Access Surgery, Organ Transplant, Gastrointestinal and General Surgery
The department is providing regular services in multiple fields including minimally invasive surgery, renal transplantation, Hepato-biliary and pancreatic surgery, thoracic and thoracoscopic surgery, endocrine and breast surgery, vascular surgery and cancer surgery.
The department runs a General Surgical OPD every day, a follow-up clinic 4 days a week, Breast Cancer Clinic thrice a week and renal transplant clinic once a week.
The department provides emergency care for traumatic and non-traumatic emergencies round the clock.
Statistics for 2018-2019
- AIIMS Surgical week (Annual, in the month of March or April)
- Contemporary practices in Surgery “Symposium on Thoracic Surgery” (Annual)
- AIIMS Breast Course (Annual)
- Postgraduate CME (Annual)
- Hands on Workshop on Abdominal Wall Suturing
- National CME on Bariatric Surgery with Hands on Cadaver Course
- Laparoscopic Abdominal Surgery Training for postgraduate and Mch candidates
- Suturing Workshop on Abdominal Wound Closure
- Suturing workshop for Undergraduate and Postgraduate