The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) was established by the Parliament of India in 1956 as an Institute of national importance with the object “to develop patterns of teaching in undergraduate and postgraduate medical education in all its branches so as to demonstrate a high standard of medical education to all medical colleges and other allied institutions in India”. Since the inception of the institute, the Centre for Community Medicine (CCM) has been a key department at AIIMS. The Centre aims to produce high quality public health professionals and community physicians. The Centre is consistently working towards discovery of new knowledge in domain of public health, advocacy for application of new ideas in health care of populations. The main focus area of the Centre has been on evolution of a replicable model of comprehensive health services and providing consultancy to strengthen capacity of health organizations at national and international level.
In consonance with the stated function of AIIMS, section 14, f (v) of AIIMS Act, 1956, “to establish and maintain rural and urban health organisations which will form centres for the field training of the medical, dental and nursing students of the Institute as well as for research into community health problems”, CCM has been successfully running community based urban and rural health program since its inception.
Urban Health Program
The Urban health program of the Centre provides community based health services to marginalised population of an urban resettlement colony in Dakshinpuri Extension, Ambedkar Nagar, New Delhi. Preventive, promotive and curative health services along with basic laboratory services are provided to the population covered by the Urban health program.
Apart from urban field practice areas, the urban health program also comprises of:
- AIDS Education and Training Cell (AETC) includes telephone helpline “Shubhchintak” and internet based helpline “eShubhchintak”
- National Service Scheme (NSS) Unit.
Rural Health Program
The Rural health program of the Centre is also known as the Comprehensive Rural Health Services Project (CRHSP), Ballabgarh. The rural field practice area was started in 1961 with aid of Rockefeller Foundation. In year 1965 the CRHS Project was formally established in Ballabgarh Block, Faridabad District of Haryana as a collaborative project between Haryana State Government and AIIMS. The project comprises of:
- A 50 bed hospital with 24 hr emergency and obstetric facilities. The hospital also provides outpatient services in medicine, surgery, paediatrics, gynaecology & obstetrics, eye, ENT, psychiatry, physical medicine & rehabilitation, paediatric surgery, dental care, homeopathy, NCD clinic, ANC clinic, immunization clinic and is supported laboratory, radiological and ultra-sonograph services.
- An Intensive Field Practice Area (IFPA) with two primary health centres. The IFPA provides health care services to 28 villages with a population of over 90,000 of Ballabgarh block of Faridabad district in Haryana State. Both facility based and domiciliary preventive, promotive and curative services are provided to the rural population covered by the IFPA.