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अखिल भारतीय आयुर्विज्ञान संस्थान, नई दिल्ली
All India Institute Of Medical Sciences, New Delhi


Division of Neonatology

Research and Projects

Ongoing projects

    1. Creation of Learning Resource Material on Essential Newborn Care (WHO-SEARO)

    2. Micronutrient status of low birth weight babies during early infancy

  • Prevention of vitamin K deficiency bleeding in neonates

  1. Phototherapy or exchange transfusion in neonates with Hyperbilirubinemia

  2. Impact of diaper use on incidence of systemic bacterial infection in hospitalized neonates


Completed Research

Funded Projects


    1. Epidemiologic correlates, early clinical features and sequelae of birth asphyxia (ICMR).

  • Utility of fat fortified feeds for nutrition of low birth weight babies (ICMR).

  • Correlates of bilirubin encephalopathy (ICMR).

  • Probiotics in gut microbial etiology (Fogarty International).

  • Asphyxia related morbidity-mortality data from medical college hospitals network (Perinatal section, AAP).

  • Knowledge attitude practices among neonatal nurses in newborn units in India by (Laerdal Foundation,


  • Impact of resuscitation training on resuscitation practices in medical college hospitals in India (Laerdal


  1. Impact of antenatal therapy with erythromycin on the incidence of low birth weight infants. (ICMR).

  2. Fetal echocardiographic studies in high risk pregnancies (ICMR).

  3. Intrauterine infections in neonates, epidemiology, incidence, clinical spectrum and outcome (ICMR).

  4. National neonatal perinatal database project for India (ICMR).

  5. Clinical signs predicting severe illness in young infants: Young infant study protocol (WHO-HQ’s).

  6. Promoting kangaroo mother care in India (SNL, Save Children).

  7. Capacity building newborn nursing in India (SNL, Save children).

  8. Neonatal perinatal database network SEAsia Region (WHO-SEARO).

  9. Home based management of young infants -Multisite study(ICMR).

  10. Feeding of Lower Birth Weight babies (WHO-HQ’s).

  11. Development of training tool on Essential Newborn Nursing (WHO-SEARO)


MD/DM dissertations

    1. Neuro-developmental outcome of babies with neonatal hypoglycemia.

    2. Significance of jitteriness in neonates.

    3. Immunoglobulin in prevention of neonatal infections

    4. Glycosylated haemoglobin as a marker of neonatal morbidity and mortality.

    5. Extraction and standardization of surfactant from goat lungs.

    6. Role of erythropoietin for treatment of anemia of prematurity.

    7. Role of Chlamydia trachomatis in conjunctivitis of newborn.

    8. Screening of CMV by PCR in neonates born to mothers with CMV disease.

    9. State of neonatal care services in India.

    10. Role of cisapride in improving feed tolerance in preterm neonates.

    11. Predictors of pathological jaundice in ABO incompatibility.

    12. Risk factors of Retinopathy of Prematurity.

    13. Safety and effectiveness of OPV and BCG vaccination in preterm babies.

    14. Evaluation of antenatal fetal dysfunction in high risk pregnancies.

    15. Lipid profile in early childhood in children born term low birth weight.

    16. Efficacy of oral phenobarbitone in ‘at risk’ for neonate prevention of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.

    17. Role of Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in Rh-hemolytic disease.

    18. Role of probiotics in high risk neonates.

    19. Physiological and clinical benefits of kangaroo mother care.

    20. Role of expressed breast milk in reducing neonatal pain.

    21. Prediction of Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia by early bilirubin estimation.

    22. Change in osmolality of preterm breast milk with fortification using various fortifying agents. (Agarwal R)

    23. Bacterial isolates and antibiotic sensitivity pattern in a tertiary care neonatal unit. (Upadhyay A)

    24. Screening for hearing deficit in high risk neonates.

    25. Risk factors of transient tachypnea of newborn.

    26. Neurodevelopmental outcome at one year corrected age for very low birth weight neonates diagnosed to

      have Periventricular Leukomalacia on carnial ultrasound examination in the neonatal period. (Maria A)

    27. To evaluate the role of Clingwrap in the reduction of intensible water losses in infants weighing less than

1500 grams at birth. (Kaushal M)

    1. Placental Pathology in Term Intrauterine Growth Restriction neonates. (Singal A)

    2. Trend of breast milk sodium concentration in mothers with term neonates. (Upadhyay M)

    3. Postnatal early growth of very low birth weight neonates. (Seth R)

    4. Echocardiographic baseline normative data in healthy term neonates. (Seth R)

    5. Hearing loss in high risk infants at term age: Incidence & risk factors. (Kaushal M)

    6. Factors predicting etiology and short term outcome in very low birth weight infants. (Kaushal M)

    7. Changing profile of Retinopathy of Prematurity and its risk factors in very low birth weight infants.

(Upadhyay M)

    1. Profile of prolonged jaundice persisting for more than 14 days in term healthy neonates. (Chengtham SS)

    2. Identification of risk factors and assessment of morbidity in small for date infants. (Goel H)

    3. Risk factors for idiopathic neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in term and borderline term newborn babies: A

cohort study. (Maheshwari A)

    1. Effect of Prenatal sound stimulation (species and sitar music starting from day 10 of gestation till hatchling)

      on glutamate by immunohistochemistry in auditory nuclei of brainstems of chick embryo at different

      gestation. (Agarwal R)

    2. Incidence, natural history and neurodevelopment outcome of very low birth weight neonates with

periventricular leukomalacia. (Maria A)

    1. Comparison of oral rehydration solution containing 60and 90 mEq/L sodium in the treatment of dehydration

      secondary to acute gastroenteritis

    2. Auditory brainstem evoked responses in neonatal jaundice, birth asphyxia in collaboration with Neurology


    1. Echo – cardiograms of infants born to diabetic mothers in collaboration with Cardiology Department.

    2. Viscosity changes in polycythemia before and after partial exchange blood transfusion.

    3. Effect of Sling Application on Efficacy of Phototherapy in Healthy Term Neonates with Non-hemolytic Jaundice

(S Sindhu)

    1. Predictors of CPAP Failure in VLBW babies (Mrinal)

    2. Topical coconut oil application reduces transepidermal water loss in preterm very low birth weight neonates

(S Nangia)

    1. Feeding of VLBW babies with reverse end diastolic blood flow –a multisite study (S Nangia)

    2. Efficacy of intramuscular vitamin K1 versus intramuscular vitamin K3 in prevention of sub­clinical vitamin K

      deficiency: A double blind randomized controlled trial (Deepak Chawla)

    3. Effect of Kangaroo Mother Care on breastfeeding in preterm moderately low birthweight babies: A

      randomized controlled trial (Deepak chawla)

    4. Early Iron Supplementation in Very Low Birth Weight Infants - A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Jeeva Sankar)

    5. Does Skin Cleansing with Chlorhexidine Affect Skin Condition, Temperature and Colonization in Hospitalized

      Preterm Low Birth Weight Infants?: A Randomized Clinical Trial.(Jeeva Sankar)

    6. Knowledge and skills aquisition by nurses through telemedicine and conventional in-person classroom

      teaching : a randomised trial. (Ashish Jain)

    7. Mesenchymal stem cell concentration in umbilical cord blood at different gestation. (Ashish Jain)

    8. Impact of transcutaneous bilirubinometry by multi-wavelength reflectance method (BiliChek) compared to

      visual assessment of bilirubin (VaB) on the need for blood sampling for confirmation of total serum bilirubin

      in healthy term and near-term neonates in first week of age. (Satish Mishra)

    9. Correlation of cord serum retinol levels in preterm very low birth weight infants with intrapartum maternal

      serum retinol levels. (Satish Mishra)

    10. Efficacy of two dose regime of intravenous immunoglobulin in rhesus hemolytic disease of newborn: a

randomized trial. (Girish Gururaj)

    1. Effect of kangaroo mother care on pain perception of preterm neonate 28-34 weeks of gestation: a cross over

trial. (Girish Gururaj)

    1. Neurosensory outcomes of very low birth weight infants at 18 months of corrected age. (Pradeep Kumar)

    2. Predictors of severe retinopathy of prematurity in a tertiary care center. (Pradeep Kumar)

    3. Evaluation of Phototherapy Devices Used in the Management Neonatal Hyperbili-rubinemia (S Sreeram)

    4. Randomized trial of light emitting diode phototherapy vs. compact fluorescent lamp phototherapy in the

      management of hyperbilirubinemia in term and late preterm healthy neonates. (S Sreeram)

    5. Effect of early skin-to-skin contact on breastfeeding behaviour in term newborns: a randomized controlled

trial (Anu Thukral)

  1. Prevalence and clinical predictors of hypoxemia in young infants (0-59 days) reporting to health facilities in

    developing countries (Anu Thukral)

  2. Bubble CPAP for prevention of extubation failure (Sucheta)

  3. Adrenal insufficiency in preterm babies with shock (Suman Sarkar)

  4. Trend in transcutaneous bilirubinometry for prediction of jaundice (Dalal S)

  5. Feeding maturation in LBW babies (Dalal S)


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