HomeIntroductionOverview of
the consortium
Report &
 Guide Book for Health-Care Providers
Back to Table of Contents

Annexure - I : Contraception for adolescents

Sexually-active adolescents are clients with special needs for contraception. Preventing teenage pregnancy and STI / HIV is the foremost concern. They are eligible to use a variety of the available contraceptives and age alone does not constitute a medical contraindication. On the other hand, certain medical conditions (e.g. cardiovascular diseases) limiting contraceptive use in older women do not apply to young people. Contraceptive needs of adolescents are required to adequately provide for infrequent, unpredictable sexual exposures. There is also a need for privacy and confidentility. They prefer to use contraceptives which have minimal side-effects, are easy to use, are cheap and can be bought without much embarrassment. Adequate counseling is very important for them, so that they are able to make an informed decision. Information regarding STI / AIDS should also be imparted during counseling.

Concern regarding the effect of contraception on growth and development is unfounded. COC, POP -Minipill and barrier methods are more suitable for adolescents. DMPA injections for under 18 years are not recommended for fear of hypo-estrogenic effects leading to decreased bone density. Intra-uterine devices should also be avoided in this group. Adolescents need to be informed about emergency contraception, as most sexual activity is unplanned and accidental.

Back to Top   |   Back to Table of Contents

Introduction | Overview of the Consortium | Consensus Statements
Report & Recommendations | Future Guidelines | Training Manual
 For more information contact ec_india@hotmail.com | Credits